PRINCE2 Foundation Certification Notes: Fundamentals
Important: The new PRINCE2® Foundation and Practitioner exams (PRINCE2® 2017) are available from 10 July 2017 (details of the changes here). Don’t worry, the changes are quite minor indeed as all the 7 principles, themes and processes remain the same. From now on until the end of 2017, candidates can take either the existing or updated English versions of the PRINCE2® exam. All PRINCE2® Foundation and Practitioner exams will be based on PRINCE2® 2017 from 1 January 2018. You can still seize the time to get certified based on the current version! Once you get PRINCE2® certified, your certification is still valid under PRINCE2® 2017 and onwards!
Introduction: PRINCE2® stands for PRoject IN Controlled Environment version 2 (and has nothing to do with the little prince above) which is owned by AXELOS. PRINCE2® provides a methodology for efficient project management practices by addressing the various aspects of project management such as: quality management, control and organization of a project so as to achieve goals and values of the performing organization.
There are 4 integrated elements for the PRINCE2® methodology, namely: Seven principles, Seven themes, Seven processes and Tailoring PRINCE2® to the project environment. And this is what the PRINCE2® Foundation Certification Exam would be about. The PRINCE2® Foundation Certification Exam would be mainly about the understanding and memorization of these key principles, themes and processes while the PRINCE2® Practitioner Exam would be largely about the application of these.
Integrated Elements for the PRINCE2® Methodology
- Seven PRINCE2® Principles
- Continued business justification
- Learn from experience
- Defined roles and responsibilities
- Manage by stages
- Manage by exception
- Focus on products
- Tailor to suit the project environment
- Seven PRINCE2® Themes
- Business Case theme
- Organisation theme
- Quality theme
- Plans theme
- Risk theme
- Change theme
- Progress theme
- Seven PRINCE2® Processes
- Starting Up a Project (SU)
- Directing a Project (DP)
- Initiating a Project (IP)
- Controlling a Stage CS)
- Managing Product Delivery (MP)
- Managing a Stage Boundary (SB)
- Closing a Project (CP)
- Tailoring PRINCE2® to the project environment — PRINCE2® methodology understands that each project is special and customisation of PRINCE2® is needed be application.
Definitions: PRINCE2® Principles, Themes and Processes
PRINCE2® Principles: the seven guiding principles for efficient project management practice that serve the purpose of the PRINCE2® framework. For PRINCE2® projects, all these 7 principles must be applied.
PRINCE2® Themes: the seven key areas/aspects defined by PRINCE2® that need to be addressed continuously in parallel during the project till closure. All of these themes are necessary for good project management.
PRINCE2® Processes: these are the key steps for the project lifecycle (from the very beginning to project closure) for PRINCE2® projects. The PRINCE2® methodology includes a list of purposes, objectives, recommended activities and roles and responsibility for each process.
In the articles to follow, these PRINCE2® Principles, Themes and Processes will be discussed in details.